Book Authored (ISBN-10: 0824821599)

Book Authored (ISBN-10: 0824821599)
Sovereign Rights and Territorial Space in Sino-Japanese Relations: Irredentism and the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands (ISBN-10: 0824824938)

Sunday, September 1, 2013

China vs. the USA: The 60th Anniversary of Korean War Armistice

It marks 60th anniversary of the Korean War Armistice on July 27, 2013. Both Koreas hold their own ceremony of the anniversary, and both claimed to be the winner of the war. It is unusual that the President of the United States made his speech in the White House. Obama stated,

July 27th, 1953 – 60 years ago today. In the village of Panmunjom, in a barren room, the generals picked up their pens and signed their names to the agreement spread before them. That night, as the armistice took hold, the guns of war thundered no more. Along the jagged front, men emerged from their muddy trenches. A Marine raised his bugle and played taps. And a soldier spoke for millions with he said, “Thank God it is over.”

Freedom is not free…. It took many decades for this memorial to gain its rightful place on this great Mall where we tell our American story. It has, perhaps, taken even longer to see clearly, and understand fully, the true legacy of your service. But here, today, we can say with confidence that war was no tie. The victor is the 50 million South Koreans live in freedom – a vibrant democracy, one of the world’s most dynamic economies, in stark contrast to the repression and poverty of the North – that’s a victory; that’s your legacy (Office of the Press Secretary, The White House, July 27, 2013).

Source: ABC News (access date: August 25, 2013).
In terms of economy growth, Obama was right. Depending on how to view the Korean War, which the American soldiers directly fought with the Chinese army, few scenarios can be analyzed:

Source: BBC (access date: August 22, 2013).
North Korea as the Winner:

If North Korea were the winner of the Korean War as it has claimed, the de-militarized zone of Panmunjom would have been drawn in Inchon as Kim IL-Sung occupied 80% territories of the Korean peninsula by September 1950. As the invader of the Korean War, Kim then retreated to the Yalu River, the majority of his territories after the U.S. intervened.


The U.S. and Its Allies as the Winner

If the United Nations forces headed by General Douglas MacArthur was winner of the Korean War, the de-militarized line of Panmunjom will be draw in the Yalu River, where there became a border between China and North Korea in November 1950. Unfortunately, the Chinese “volunteer” army was deployed by the newly founded PRC, which was established on October 1, 1949. With a lot of disadvantages in the terms of national power, the Chinese army pushed back to the Panmunjom around the 38th parallel.


The Tie Battle of the Korean War:

Today, the tie battle of the Korean War analyzed is dominated by a majority of scholars’ analysis. Even though the United States has well-equipped military with 16 nations military supports, the U.N. troops did not win the war by fighting with the ill-equipped Chinese armies, but signed at the 38th parallel of the Panmunjom.

The Korean War is turning point for the White House to recognize “who the Chinese are;” many universities has started to form Asian Studies programs as a formal field of study on American campuses. The war has also indicated a split between the PRC and the Soviet Union because Marshall Stalin promised the Chinese a large amount of military equipment, which eventually was given to Kim IL-Sung instead. In other words, Mao Zedong lost the opportunity to unify Taiwan, which is separated from the Mainland China today. Ultimately, China also fought border wars with the Russians in the 1960s.

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