After two days (June 7-8, 2013) during the Obama-Xi Summit, a few things might have changed the world order in the future. Based on the press conferences by Yang Jiechi, state councilor, and Tom Donilon, national security adviser, respectively, “new model” relationships of the two great powers made for some potential outcomes even though no major breakthrough in the Obama-Xi summit was reported.
Source: BBC News (access date: June 19,2013).
Washington’s Wish List:
W1.New model of the two super powers need to be worked out in the future.
W2. Washington will protect its allies, such as Japan and the Philippines which have territorial disputes with China.
W3. Washington will inform Beijing what are the important issues in the region-- meaning no shared power with China right now.
W4. Cyber Security from China needs to be worked.
Source: BBC News (access date: June 19, 2013).
Beijing’s Wish List:
B1. New model (mutual respect, win-win approaches, and no confrontation) of the two great powers, was proposed.
B2. China will seek its territorial integration including the Diaoyu Islands and the South China Sea.
B3. Beijing wants to cooperate with the U.S. in the world affairs – meaning share power together.
B4. China is also a victim of the cyber attacks.
Source: USA Today (access date: June 19, 2013).
WB1. North Korea must be denuclearized
WB2. Keep in touch anytime by any means when there is an emergency
WB3: Climate Change needs to be cooperated on between China and the U.S.
WB4: Working toward the rules and norms of behavior in cyberspace through dialogue.
WB5: The military-to-military relationship needs to exchange deeply while the political and economic dialogue are going relatively closer.
Source: SwarmPland (access date: June 19, 2013).
1. Obama changed his foreign policy toward China from Hillary’s “pivot” to Asia, meaning the “containment” of China, to “rebalancing” China, meaning “engagement” to China.
2. Washington recognized that China’s peaceful rise is good for the U.S. and the world.
3. Beijing welcomes the existence of the United States’ involvement in Asia.
4. The United States as the “existing power” must dialogue with China as a “rising power” in order to avoid the confrontation.
Source: LA Times (access date: June 19,2013).
People might ask a fundamental question -- Why did Obama invite the Chinese leader?
R1: Since the global financial crisis in 2008, some scholars realized that China would be a superpower very soon. China will overtake American GDP “when the average Chinese work force produce just one-quarter as much as the average American worker (Hugh White’s The China Choice).” It is only taking about 30-years; China became the second economic superpower after the United States in 2010.
R2: Washington needs to deal with one of the oldest nations which have the longest history and totally different culture and backgrounds. Even though the U.S. has experiences to deal with the great power, such the U.S.S.R., the U.K., and Germany before, China is a fundamentally different superpower. Even though the United States had directly fought two “wars” (the Korean and Vietnam Wars) with the Chinese since World War II, Americans have less understood “what is China.”
R3: The Chinese social structure, political governance, and a single party domination are totally different from America’s. Washington needs to understand these elements in order to deal with a rising China.
R4: Washington realized that it is impossible to stop China from becoming a superpower in world affairs; the “New Rule” of the world order since WWII might be needed.