Book Authored (ISBN-10: 0824821599)

Book Authored (ISBN-10: 0824821599)
Sovereign Rights and Territorial Space in Sino-Japanese Relations: Irredentism and the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands (ISBN-10: 0824824938)

Friday, August 17, 2012

The Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands-XI/The Chinese Landed-II

Since the DPJ took power in Japan, Japanese politicians have misread and miscalculate international geopolitics. On 7 September 2010, in response to the Chinese fishing trawler collision incident in the East China Sea, Prime Minister Kan Naoto totally denied the existence of the territorial border issue with China. In doing so, Japan violated the bottom line of the unspoken Sino-Japanese “acquiescent” agreement, surprising not only leaders of Beijing, but also leaders of Korea and Russia. Immediately on November 1, 2010 in response to the fishing boat accident with China, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev took an unprecedented trip to the Northern Territories. Prime Minister Kan called the trip “unacceptable.” Even though Tokyo summoned its ambassador from Russia, the Russians did not any attention to the Japanese reaction. In July 2012, once again prime minister Medvedev visited the territorial disputed territories. On August 10, 2012, South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak made his unprecedented visit to Dokdo. In response, as was the case with Russia, Tokyo recalled its ambassador Muto Masatoshi from Seoul, but nothing has changed. Both Russian and South Korean actions were almost identical (Korean Times 15 August 2012). Tokyo can easily break “unspoken” agreements with anyone; both the Russian and Korean leaders were forced to visit these disputed territories. In addition, these events inspired Chinese nationalists to land on the Diaoyu Islands on August 15. By now, the Japanese Foreign Minsiter Gemba Koichiro has referred the Dokdo case to the ICJ. As Australian diplomat Gregory Clark states, “Japan has no legal ground for gaining the South Kuril Islands because it is clear that at San Francisco in 1951 it signed away all right and claim to those two islands. . . . The only basis for a claim would be that Japan was forced to do that signing, and in that case it would have to blame the United States, which it does not want to do (Korean Times 15 August 2012).”

The fact of the matter is that Japan does not have any legal right to claim any territories (such as Northern territories, Dokdo, and Diaoyu) without the “San Francisco System.” Basically, Japan’s claim is flawed! Without San Francisco Peace Treaty, the only international treaties: Cairo Declaration and Potsdam Declaration made Japan’s case worse. That is, Japan does not any rights to claim anything except “Japanese sovereignty shall be limited to the islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku, and such minor islands as we [the Chinese, the Russian, and the American] determine (Potsdam Declaration, Article 8).” Even Liuqiu/Ryukyu Islands (today’s Okinawa) was not included the above list.

Source: Huanqiu Times (access date: 15 August 2012).
Post a Comment