Book Authored (ISBN-10: 0824821599)

Book Authored (ISBN-10: 0824821599)
Sovereign Rights and Territorial Space in Sino-Japanese Relations: Irredentism and the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands (ISBN-10: 0824824938)

Monday, April 30, 2012

Suyan Rock/Ieodo Sino-South Korean Territorial Dispute

Suyan Rock in China, Ieodo in Korean, is located 149 km off southernmost island of Mara Island of South Korea and 247 km from the Chinese nearest island. While Seoul claims the islet based on median method of international law principle, Beijing argues that the reef is within its territorial waters based on exclusive economic zones of international law. The South Korean media warn that China appears to have the strategic goal of strengthening its control over the South and East China Sea (JoongAng Daily 12 March 2012). The fundamental problem is international law has limit meaning and many unclear definitions; many lawyers from many countries can interpret their own way of the international law.

Source: (access date: 20 April 2012).

Wednesday, April 25, 2012

Japan Failed to Lead at Nuclear Security Summit/Third-Class Politicians Only Provide Third-Rate Policy-XXI

Japan is a country that experienced nuclear weapons during WWII, experienced the nuclear power plants disaster, and now experiences how to deal with radiation with the ongoing nuclear crisis. The second Nuclear Security Summit was held in Seoul on March 26-27, gathering leaders from 53 countries, but Noda Yoshihiko failed to lead the agenda in the summit. He missed out Monday evening, skipping a working dinner that officially kicked off the two-day Nuclear Security Summit. Unlike American President Barack Obama, who visited the US troop in 38 degree military zone and Chinese President Hu Jintao, who held many bilateral talks with global leaders, Noda did not wait in Seoul until the summit wrapped up (Japan Times, 29 March 2012). In his mind, Noda has only one issue – pushing a consumption tax hike which is taking advantage of the 3.11 tragedy in Japan. Noda wants to raise the rate to 8% in April 2014 from the current rate of 3%, then to 10% in October 2015. This is Noda’s idea, but bureaucrat’s wisdom from Minister of Finance. Noda just merely accepts it. This shows how smart of the Japanese politicians are.

Source: (access date: 19 April 2012).

Friday, April 20, 2012

China vs. USA: The BRICS’s Bank

On March 28-29, the BRICS – Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa – gathered in New Delhi to hold its annual summit. This is second summit after South Africa joined the group in 2011. BRICS represents over 41 percent of the world’s population and contributes 20 percent of the global economy. In the economy front, BRICS discussed establishing its Bank to finance the global economy, against the Anglo-Saxon founded IMF and World Bank. In the political front, BRICS condemned the military threat against Iran and Syria. However, some experts have different views. “They don’t see eye to eye on many international issues. There is no common cementing principle among them. All the members in the group have problems with China. They have made all the right noises today at the summit, but each country will have to make its own calculations as to how far they can defy the United States,” stated by Lalit Mansingh, former Indian ambassador to the United States (Japan Times, 3 March 2012). You never know! About three decades ago, almost no one in the world will expect China will be the second economy today. BRICS might politically take over the US power three decades later.
Source: (access date: 20 April 2012)

Thursday, April 12, 2012

Power Struggle in Beijing-II

During a trip to China in March, I was stunned when picked up by a friend in Suzhou who asked if I knew of the “coup” in Beijing and whether I knew anything about Bo Xilai because I just left Beijing a few days ago. My friend told me that it was reported over the internet that an army tank entered the city and that the Changan Road was shut down. “It is impossible,” I replied, having stayed in Beijing only a few days earlier.
            By April 1st, the Chinese government arrested 6 people who spread the rumor about a coup in Beijing (Sankei Shimbun 1 April 2012). Some western media and scholars have begun to comment; however, only a handful people are providing an accurate analysis of the situation. To understand Bo Xilai’s situation it is necessary to understand Chinese politics (what we know the facts):

1.  In order to get into the Standing Committee of the CCP (or core leaders in the CCP), the person must serve at the top of the CCP in one of the provinces or large cities. Bo Xilai was the Secretary of the CCP in Chongqing Municipality in 2007 (Basic knowledge of the Chinese politics).
2. Wang Lijun, the former police Chief, has recorded many conversations of top leaders visiting Chongqi(Mainichi Shimbun 22 March 2012).
3. Bo Xilai dispatched his police force to Chengdu, Sichuan Province, to try to arrest Wang Lijun who sought “political” asylum in the American consulate. In the end, the central government police force took Wang to Beijing. Over 100 elite Chinese police have gathered in Chengdu (Wall Street Journal 13 March 2012, and the previous blog of Power Struggle in Beijing-I). 
4.  Bo Xilai inspected his father’s founding army as Hu Jintao was the trip in overseas (personal interview 23 March 2012).
5. As the top of the CCP in Chongqing, Bo publicly launched the “anti-mafia” movement, which many people flashed back the ten-years Cultural Revolution which violated basic human rights without any evidence. Some so-called “mafia” are merely targeted rich and powerful people in the city (Financial Times 17-18 March 2012).
6. Some of Bo’s friends in Dalian city, such as Xu Ming, and Wu Wenkan in Chongqing have been investigated by the central government. His wife attorney Gu Kailai, has been arrested because she involved the death of the British citizen Neil Heywood case (CCTV News 11April 2012; Japan Times 7 April 2012).
7. Bo launched the campaign “Red Song” movement in Chongqing in order to go back the old “Left” road (i.e., Cultural Revolution era) (Wall Street Journal 19 March 2012).
8. The “princelings” group is not necessary friendly to each other. For instance, kids of Hu Yaobang have not associated with any kids of “princelings.” Bo might not be “real” friend with Xi Jinping, who is also the kid of “princelings.”
9. Wen Jiabao has asked the CCP Politburo – 25 leaders to reexamine “June Fourth” movement in 1989. Each time, Bo was the person who strongly opposed reevaluation of the movement (Sankei Shimbun 23 March 2012).

Based on the above facts, the following conclusions can be drawn,
    First, Bo Xilai clearly is a strong candidate to be a member of the Standing Committee in the 18th CCP Party Congress this fall. If he does not do anything (not launching “red song” and “anti-mafia” movements in Chongqing, he will probably get into the Standing Committee. However, Bo launched many unnecessary movements in Chongqing. Many people suspect that he has been looking for taking over Xi’s position to become the number one position in Zhongnanhai, the place the Chinese core leader live in. If this is true, Bo, just like Li Biao, committed extremely serious mistake in Chinese politics.
    Secondly, Bo abused his power by sending police forces to Chengdu in order to arrest Wang Lijun. Bo does not have any jurisdiction in Sichuan Province. This mistake will kill his chance to get into the Standing Committee.
    Third, one of major reasons that Wang Lijun tried to escape to the American consulate in Chengdu was that Wang worried for his life because he knew very well about his boss Bo Xiliai and his ruthless way of dealing with human beings. Only when Wang got into the American consulate, could the central government will be able to save his life because it is dealing with “International Relations.” Probably, all information, such as corruption etc., brought by Wang into the US consulate is not important for the American government. However, it is very serious problem for member of the CCP because it is considered a “betrayal” of the party. 
    Fourth, Bo inspected military forces and ordered army forces to exercise, violating another serious power jurisdiction in Chinese politics. Bo is not a member of the military commission, nor a member of military elite. His father, Bo Yibo, certainly founded a group of Chinese army forces. However, Bo Xilai cannot inherit his father’s military force at all regardless his “princelings” position. This is an extremely serious issue which may result in him going to jail if the government found him guilty. 
    Lastly, Bo Xilai, unlike Xi Jinping, has not made a lot of friends among the top elites in Chinese political circle. Even among the “princelings” group, only few people, such as Zhu Chenghu, came to support him. Once he got into trouble, no one is willing to scarify their lives to help Bo Xilai.

Source: Reuters News (access date: 13 April 2012).

Tuesday, April 3, 2012

Power Struggle in Beijing-I

The US State Department confirmed that Wang Lijun, former police Chief in Chongqing City, had stayed an overnight in American consulate in Chengdu. No detail has been offered from both the US and China. The Chinese foreign ministry stated that Wang spent a day in the American consulate. As the top cop in Chongqing, Wang has followed his boss, Bo Xilai, the city’s Communist Party Secretary, for decades. According to the Japanese media Wang reported Bo’s corruption case in the US consulate (Sankei Shimbun 11 February 2012). Bo appointed Wang to clean up Chongqing’s corrupt police force and take on organized crime. Wang had been one of Chinese most celebrated policemen because his famous to assault gangs in the city (Japan Times 11 February 2012). Bo has been maneuvered for a seat on the ruling Communist Party’s Politburo Standing Committee, which will appoint new members later this year as known the 18th CCP meeting. Bo probably will not be favor in the 18th CCP meeting. The power struggle in China might be begun a long time ago.

Source: (access date: 7 March 2012). 

Sunday, April 1, 2012

The Great Work of Galina Hale and Bart Hobijn/China Complex

In this information age, it is difficult to find great work from researchers. In 2011, two senior economists in the Economic Research Department of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, Galina Hale and Bart Hobijn, wrote an wonderful article (title: The U.S. Content of “Made in China”) which published in FRBSF Economic Letter on August 8 (please access the following address of the article: According to their analysis only 2.7% of U.S. personal consumption expenditure in 2010 accounted the Chinese goods and services. The rest went to U.S. businesses and workers transporting, selling, and marketing goods carrying the “Made in China” label. A total of 88.5% of U.S. consumer spending is on the items made in the U.S. (FRBSF Economic Letter). This analysis will make many Americans to wonder or rethink about “Made in China” label.
Source: (access date: 1 April 2012).