In 2011, once again both the US and China has begun to fight a piece of pie in the Asian region. As Secretary Clinton states, “The 21st century will be America’s Pacific century, a period of unprecedented outreach and partnership in this dynamic, complex, and consequential region (State Department Web Site).” Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is formed by three small countries: Chile, New Zealand, and Singapore in 2002 Las Cabos APEC meeting when the sideline meeting held by three leaders. By 2006, TPP entered into force by New Zealand, Singapore, Chile, and Brunei, and currently expanded the discussion of the agreement to the US, Australia, Malaysia, Peru, and Vietnam. TPP is seeking to reduce all trade tariffs to zero by the year 2015 including agriculture, banking, health care, and others. Japan has expressed to join the TPP in 2011 Honolulu APEC summit meeting as the pressure from the US. TPP has become controversy issue among business communities, scholars, and politicians. Today, the imported rice in Japan has 788 percent tariff; TPP might be the treaty to eliminate high tariffs in Japan. The Western media has called TPP as “Japan’s third opening,” after Commodore Perry in the 19th century and GHQ occupation after WWII (Wall Street Journal 14 November 2011). But, the Korean media call that the US should invite China into TPP (Korean Times 15 November 2011), indicating the complicated Asian geopolitics between the US and China.
Source: kihara-in-us.blogspot.com (access date: 21 November 2011)