Book Authored (ISBN-10: 0824821599)

Book Authored (ISBN-10: 0824821599)
Sovereign Rights and Territorial Space in Sino-Japanese Relations: Irredentism and the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands (ISBN-10: 0824824938)

Thursday, April 14, 2011

“One Country, Two System” in Japan/Third-Class Politicians Only Provide the Third-Rate Policy-XXI

During the ongoing Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), people are wondering why don’t Japanese transfer electricity in the Kansai region (e.g., Kyoto, Osaka, and Kobe etc.) to the Kanto region (Tokyo, Kanagawa, Chiba, and Shizuoka etc.)? It is necessary to look back on history to understand the reason for this, Japan’s “one country, two systems” which has created an “iron triangle” – bureaucrats, businessmen, and politicians – for centuries. In 1886, when University of Tokyo was founded, electricity had started to be supplied in Meiji Japan, which was the heyday of modernization in Japanese history. As Japan won the battle against the Chinese in Sino-Japanese War in 1894, electric power companies began to fight for jurisdiction. In the end, Tokyo Electric bought a 50Hz-generator (which was built by AEG) from Germany while Osaka Electric bought a 60Hz-generator (which was built by GE) from the United States. As a result, the western part of country utilizes 60 Hz while the eastern part of country uses 50 Hz (TBS News 13 March 2011). Therefore, because of this greed of businessmen “one country, two systems” in Japan was formed. The division line between 50Hz and 60Hz was established at the Fuji River in Shizuoka Prefecture.
       It is understandable that the greedy businessmen were not concerned with the national security. In Japan, however, politicians are also to blame as they have not cared much about “one country, two systems” either. They have never thought to unify the two generator systems or even considered that a crisis such as that facing Japan today would ever come. As a result, the issue of unifying generator systems has never been the priority among politicians, bureaucrats, and businessmen. Consequently, Japanese citizens have been living under this “one country, two systems” for more than a century. Japan is not Afghanistan, nor Pakistan (both nations adopted both 50Hz and 60Hz systems). In fact, no single industrial nation except one nation -- Japan -- has the “one country, two systems.”

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