Book Authored (ISBN-10: 0824821599)

Book Authored (ISBN-10: 0824821599)
Sovereign Rights and Territorial Space in Sino-Japanese Relations: Irredentism and the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands (ISBN-10: 0824824938)

Friday, December 31, 2010

COP 15 Copenhagen/Chinese Green-II

The Chinese government pledged that, according to CCTV, China would voluntarily cut carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 40 percent to 45 percent by 2020, compared with levels in 2005. Before Copenhagen climate summit, President Obama committed to reduce 17 percent below 2005 level.

Major Carbon Emitters’ Positions

Reductions by 2020 (base year)
Conditions (as of 26 November 2009)
Domestic Support for Reduction Targets/Opposition

25 percent from 1990
“meaningful” commitment from other major economies
Support: Ruling (DPJ and others) parties, NGOS, some public opinion polls

Opposed: Business world including Keidanren, and Federation of Electric Power Companies

20 percent from 1990
Possibly pursue 30 percent if “others” join in
Support: All EU member nations

Opposed: Some Eastern European nations

17 percent from 2005
Executive position firm; Still being discussed in Congress
Support: President Barack Obama, majority of ruling Democratic Party

Opposed: oil, coal, and gas lobbies, agriculture lobby, Senators from farm and oil states

40%-45% cut per unit of GDP 2005
Developed counties must take lead
Support: Chinese government; environmentalists seeking targets

Opposed: So far no reaction to proposal

20 percent to 25 percent cut from 2005
Developed nations must take lead
Support: Indian government and NGO

Opposed: Some businesses

Sources: “COP15 Hinges on Congress, China,” Japan Times, 28 November 2009, p. 1. Also “U.N. Conference Recognizes Climate Deal,” Japan Times, 20 December 2009, p. 1.

As Japan Times states, the result of COP 15 in Copenhagen depends on how “G2” (e.g., China and US) talked to each other. “The leaders of Europe, Japan and other countries at the summit were largely left to rubber-stamp the deal (Japan Times).”
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